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Garden Glossary

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


Bailey Originally the open area of a fortified castle and some of the space was used for castle gardens during the middle ages
Balance Balance is the relationship between elements in the landscape. Balance may be symmetrical on both sides of a vision line or simply similar in heights and mass.
Balled & Burlapped Plants and trees are shipped after they have been dug up and the root balls wrapped with burlap and secured with twine.
Baroque This is a 17th century artistic style, generally expressed with elaborate ornamentation used on both architectural and landscape elements.
Basin An enclosed or partly enclosed water area (Merriam-Webster)
Base Map (BP) A drawing that incorporates all of the information collected about the landscape site from a field survey and provides the base data needed to establish a design.
Belvedere A structure (as a cupola or a summerhouse) designed to command a view (Merriam-Webster)
Berceau A vaulted trellis, used to grow climbing plants
Berm A protective mound or raised mass of dirt
Bonsai Bonsai is a Japanese word (derived from the Chinese word penjing) meaning a shallow container garden.
Bosco From an Italian word and applied to a wood of evergreen oak with a mysterious air, apparently inspired by the ancient idea of making a Sacred Grove in association with an Egyptian temple.
Bosquet From the French, a word used for a block of trees and shrubs separated by paths and may contain elaborate features (e.g. sculpture and fountains) hidden in the trees.
Bostan Derived from the Persian word for 'orchard' or 'fruit garden
Botanical garden A piece of land or park dedicated to displaying collections of plants for their beauty, uniqueness and interest of any kind
Boulevard A broad often landscaped thoroughfare (Merriam-Webster)
Bower A garden seat enclosed with overhead foliage
Bowling green Traditionally known as a hard flat lawn used for a game of tossing and rolling balls
Bridge This is a structure that one side of a bank with another side over a depression in the ground.
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